Maximilian Alexandrovich Voloshin (1877-1932) was a Russian poet, translator, fine artist, outstanding philosopher, and critic.
Even in tough times of 1920s, Voloshin’s house was full of guests, the overall number of visitors reaching some 600 throughout the summer.
It was a free shelter for scientists, literary talents, artists, aviation engineers. They had a wonderful leisure time full of Cimmerian nature, serious scientific and cultural discussions, practical jokes full of humor and, of course, communication with Maximilian Voloshin. And all they drew great inspiration from these events.
Voloshin passed away in 1932 and was buried on mountain Kucuk-Yenishar according to his last will.
Among those people Voloshin communicated with were outstanding artists, writers and poets, as well as cultural workers and scientists. Poets Rene Ghil, Nikolai Gumilev, Konstantin Balmont, Andrei Bely, Valery Bryusov, Marina Tsvetaeva, Ilya Ehrenburg, Alexander Blok. Writers Romain Rolland, Aleksey Tolstoy, Ivan Bunin, playwright Maurice Maeterlinck. Philosphers Vladimir Solovyov, Nikolai Berdyaev, founder of anthroposophy Rudolf Steiner, theosophy advocate Anna Mintslova. Painters Odilon Redon, Fernand Leger, Amedeo Modigliani, Pablo Picasso, Diego Rivera, Vasily Surikov, Alexandre Benois, Boris Kustodiev. The house was also visited by dancer Isadora Duncan, composers Vladimir Rebikov, Heinrich Neuhaus, theatrical patron and impresario Sergei Diaghilev, aircraft designers Sergei Korolev and Oleg Antonov and many others.
House-Museum of Maximilian Voloshin was officially unveiled on 1 August 1984. However yet in 1933, famous literary talent Andrei Bely wrote: “It’s not a house, but a museum. And this museum is unique… the whole of a single life… a plaster cast of his life and wonderful face, eternal memory about him, not to be replaced by monuments of any kind.”
Voloshin was buried at Karadag which once was an active volcano and created a so called Genio loki (local genius) monumental portrait of Maximilian Voloshin. It overlooks Cape Chameleon and Cimmerian Hills from the south-west and from the north-east it’s adjacent to a wonderfully beautiful bay on shore of which there is three-storey building of Voloshin’s House-Museum.
The house with its light blue terraces and windows at different levels and miniature tower became a very harmonized and very beautiful edifice which completely merged into surrounding landscapes of Koktebel.
It should be noted that Voloshin’s House-Museum is unique among European ones due to the fact that it remained untouched during the wars and any objects inside it remained in same positions as they had been placed by Voloshin.
The real pride of the exhibition are authentic interiors of Voloshin’s dwelling rooms which he created with his own hands. These interiors reflect his way of thinking and create a peculiar atmosphere of the Poet’s House. All the items inside the house have been occupying their places almost for a century and preserve memory about all guests who visited the house both when Voloshin was alive and after his death.
The exhibition occupies three halls, where some three hundred various relics are put on exhibit reflecting biography and creative work of Maximilian Voloshin. These are photographs, personal belongings, autographs, works of art, books of Voloshin and of his close relatives and friends.
The collection of the House-Museum is unique as the relics never leaved the house within a century. There are 150 pictorial and 1500 graphical works of Voloshin, and over 350 works of art belonging to other authors. Book collection is based on the unique memorial Voloshin’s library. Many editions are rare, and many of them bear autographs and dedicatory inscriptions.
House-Museum of Maximilian Voloshin remains a cultural center today. It is a place where international scientific conferences are held regularly discussing such topics as culturology, philosophy, literature. It hosts international creative events, exhibitions and numerous exhibition exchanges with other museums are made together with editorial programs. International Voloshin’s Recitations are held once in two years, and results of conferences are summarized in various compilation research editions.
DRIVING DIRECTIONS AND CONTACT DETAILS
House-Museum of Maximilian Viloshin is an affiliate of Koktebel Ecological Historical and Cultural Reserve “Cimmeria of Maximilian Voloshin”.
Address: Townlet of Koktebel, 98186, Crimea, Ukraine,
Tel.: 24-506, 24-437.
Museum is open for visitors daily in summer from 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. and in winter from 10.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m.
Lunch time – from 1.p.m. to 2.00 p.m.
Day off: Monday.
In summer the museum works without days-off.