Crimea

Crimea

Природа. Крым

Природа Крымского полуострова настолько разнообразна и неординарна, что Крым заслужил почетное звание "мир в миниатюре". 

В Крыму уникальное сочетание рельефов - здесь степные равнины и горные вершины, остывшие вулканы и грязевые сопки, уютные бухты и обрывистые скалы. Отличительная особенность Крымских гор - плоские яйлы и через 20 километров - песчаные или галечные побережья. В Крыму можно посещать полноводные водопады и разнообразные пещеры, путешествовать по заповедным тропам заказников, открывать для себя ущелья, леса или долины.  

Благодаря такому разнообразию природных даров на относительно малой площади, Крым способен подарить идеальный отдых для любой души.

Уникальная природа Крыма

 

  • Artillery Bay
  • Shores of Artillery Bay became a place of active construction right since the foundation of Sevastopol. Artillery Bay is located in central part of the city and it derived its name due to artillery magazines and cannon shot stores which appeared on its shores during that time.

  • Atlesh Reserve Landmark
  • Atlesh is a reserve landmark (since 1980) on Tarhankut Peninsula. Along this 1.8 mile-long coastal line near Atlesh of southern Tarhankut, numerous picturesque bays, spongy cliffs, vast grottos, coastal niches, and sometimes beautiful stone arcs are formed in result of erosion and washing away by sea breaking waves.

  • Balaklava Harbour
  • Balaklava Harbour is a historical and landscape landmark of Crimea. This elongated, curved harbour of Balaklava is scarcely noted from sea is considered to be the best choice for yachting sports on all the Black Sea coasts.

  • Baydar Valley
  • Baydar Valley is a intermountain through in south-western part of the Crimean Peninsula. This place is located in south-eastern part of the area under jurisdiction of Sevastopol City Council. An old road from Chersonesus used to be located in the Valley. Baydar Gate mountain path is located in the southernmost point of the Valley.

  • Blue Bay
  • It got its name from the purity of the water in which from the steep shore the white sand of the bottom looked blue.

  • Botanical Garden of Taurida National Vernadsky University
  • Botanical Garden was founded on basis of “Salgirka” horticultural monumental park and represents a unified historical and natural complex, which includes estates of academician Peter Simon Pallas and prince Mikhail Vorontsov. Botanical Garden is a scientific and educational department of Taurida National University named after Vladimir Vernadsky.
  • Botkin’s Mountain Pathway
  • Sometimes you have a strong need for adventures and freshness of a forest. But, at the same time, it’s a difficult and time consuming venture to go for a camping trip. So only express-routes over the Crimean Mountains will fit, as they won’t take much time. One of such walking routes is Botkin’s Mountain Pathway.

  • Canyon of Chernaya River
  • Canyon of Chernaya River is for many not so well-known as its “elder brother” – the Greater Canyon. And meanwhile, the Smaller Canyon is almost five times longer than the Greater one and makes a deep impression on a traveler which is remembered for a long time.

  • Cape Aya
  • Cape Aya is the south-western extremity of the Crimean Mountains and a Republcian game reserve. Numerous endemic plants and rare animals all registered in the Red Book can be observed in this marvelous wild site of Crimea.

  • Cape Chameleon
  • Cape Chameleon was named so mostly not because of its shape but because of its ability to change its colors depending on the sun position, weather, illumination and season. On contemporary geographical maps the headland is often has designation of “Cape Lagerniy” (“Camp Cape”), despite there are no camps in its vicinity. This cape separates Tikhaya (“Quiet”) Bay from Koktebel Bay.

  • Cape Fiolent
  • Cape Fiolent is a natural landmark located on the western extremity of the Western Crimean Coast, where its narrow land gets even narrower and in southern part of Heraclean Peninsula dominates above the sea precipitously. Harsh, wild cliffs almost 300 ft. high stand in great masses above the sea. Chaotic boulder accumulations, miniature islands and archs were formed in coastal ravines.

  • Cape Kapchik
  • Cape Kapchik is the most memorable landscape element of  Novy Svet. Acutely topped peak of Khoba-Kaya is clearly seen behind the cape and that peak is separated from Kapchik by Sinyaya (“Blue”) Bay. One can get to Cape Kapchik going along a pathway . Cape Kapchik is quaintly curved and protrudes into the sea for several several hundred yards.

  • Cape Kazantip
  • Cape Kazantip – means absence of people, lots of sun and numerous beaches with mile-length sandy beaches and finest water. There are unusual and quaint figures of cliffs and boulders, small comfortable bays and many black cormorants sitting on white stones. It’s a great place for surfing and kiteboarding.
  • Cape Meganom
  • Meganom headland is one of the most mysterious sites in Crimea. Here, in “local Tunisia”, between Koktebel and Sudak, mysterious and scientifically unaccountable events take place among beautiful natural landscapes.

  • Cape Sarych
  • Cape Sarych is the southernmost point not only of Sevastopol and Crimea, but also of the entire Ukraine. The headland is formed by a curved slope of Baydar Yayla spur, which is going down to the south and is covered with sparse growths of trees. A navigational lighthouse showing the way to Sevastopol to naval vessels was built on the headland extremity.

  • Chaliapin’s Grotto
  • An outstanding grotto with a centennial history is called nowadays Chaliapin’s Grotto. The Grotto’s name is connected with a visit by the famous singer Feodor Chaliapin. He liked to stay on visits to his friend, a count, and could not but pay attention to the Grotto. It is told that Chaliapin performed concerts in the Grotto.

  • Chatyr-Dag mountain range
  • Chatyr-Dag mountain range (mountain pasture and caves) is a monument of nature and Crimean preserve.

  • Chelter-Marmara Monastery
  • The Chelter-Marmara cave monastery is located at a mile’s distance from the town of Ternovka. Its premises are cut in the Chelter-Kaya rock The most famous sight of this monastery is a huge hall with 5 big columns supporting the stone vault. The eastern part of this grotto is a church in which the altar base with a relics niche is still visible.

  • Diva Cliff
  • Whenever you are in Simeiz, take a look at the Diva Cliff raising above the sea shore. Its outline resembles a girl laying on shore, her hair loose. A Crimean poetic legend is connected with Diva Cliff.

  • Dzhur-Dzhur Waterfall
  • Dzhur-Dzhur Waterfall is the most full-flowing waterfall of Crimea which appeared due to waters of river Eastern Ulu-Uzen in Khapkhal ravine not far from Generalskoye village in Alushta district. The waterfall has an elevation of 1535 ft. above the main sea level.

  • Dzhurla Waterfall
  • Dzhurla is a series of low cascades located at elevation of 2690 ft. above the mean sea level on Dzhurla stream. The stream is called Sotera River in its lower part, while in its upper part it is named Alaka. This variety in names caused by the fact that the Tatars did not consider rivers as integral entities and rather named an area where a river was located. 

  • Eski-Kermen
  • Eski-Kermen is a medieval fortress town in the southwest of Crimean peninsula, 9 miles to the south of Bakhchisaray and 3 miles to the northwest of the ruins of Mangup-Kale. “Eski-Kermen” means “the old fortress” in the language of the Crimean Tatars. Among the cave settlements of Crimea it is second only to Chufut-Kale in the number of visitors.

  • Foros Park
  • Park of Foros with its famous Paradise area is one of the main attractions and treasures of Foros town. Six very beautiful artificial lakes located at various levels are all framed with centennial cypresses, yew-trees, cedars, and Judas-trees.

  • Golitsin’s Path
  • Golitsin’s Path is known for its unique natural caves. In one of them there were kept bottles of wine, which Prince Golitsyn entertained the guests. There is an excellent acoustics in the grotto, great Chaliapin sang here. That’s why there are two names for the grotto, some call it Golytsinskiy, and other Chaliapin.

  • Golovkinsky Waterfall
  • Golovkinsky Waterfall is the biggest waterfall in succession of wonderful falls in upper course of Uzen-Bash river. The waterfall is relatively small and becomes full-flowing only in spring time. But it is especially beautiful when observed against background of dark-green cliffs covered with plants.

  • Grand Canyon of Crimea
  • The Grand Canyon of Crimea is one of the peninsula’s natural wonders, an amazing creation of nature. It represents a deep mountain gorge which pierced into Ai-Petri massif for 1.9 mile.

  • Jags of Ai-Petri
  • The main ridge of the Crieman Mountains consists from yaylas – separate mountain plateaus with hilly surface. One can get to yayla of Ai-Petri (4014 ft.) either by a highway leading from Yalta, or using a cable-car road starting in Miskhor. The jags of Ai-Petri are formed by four huge (39-46 ft.) and a series of small steep peaks, formed of reef limestone.

  • Jangul landmark
  • Jangul landmark is located near village of Olenevka. Jangul is a 3 miles long landslip coastal line and its territory comprises combined masses of quaint side-rocks and various landslides. Appearance of the coast is harsh and wild, and this place is considered one of the “energetic” places of the peninsula.

  • Kachi-Kalyon (Qaçi Kalyon)
  • The Kachi-Kalyon rock is one of the spurs of the inner ridge of the Crimean mountains, five miles to the south of Bakhchisaray. While there is no reliable information about the origin of its name, it is commonly believed to mean “cross ship”. People with vivid imagination can see something like a huge cross formed by natural cracks on the surface of the rock.

  • Kara-Dag State Reserve
  • Kara-Dag State Reserve is a state reserve in Ukraine in south-eastern part of Crimea. The reserve occupies area of volcanic massif Kara-Dag. The main goals of its work are to study variety of biological life and to monitor land and water ecosystems.

  • Karaul-Oba Natural Landmark
  • Mount Karaul-Oba guards from the west bays and juniper growths of Novy Svet. After you have ascended to its top and have looked around, you will surely understand why the Mount is called that way: from its top the whole coastline from Cape Meganom to Mount Ayu-Dag. Cape Karaul-Oba is called one of the world’s seven geological wonders.

  • Laspi Bay
  • Laspi Bay is located within area of Sevastopol Region in southern part of the Crimean Peninsula. It is some 19 miles away from center of Sevastopol and 25 miles distant from Yalta. The bay stretches for about 7.5 miles and is located right between Cape Sarych and Cape Aya. Thi are features the finest water conditions on the whole Crimean Southern Coast.

  • Laspi Cliffs
  • Cliffs of Laspi have been a natural landmark since 1969 and a reserve area since 1980. For lots of sunny days, heat and drought-resistant plants growing here, these places obtained an unofficial name of “the Crimean Africa”. Laspi Cliffs are a unique place where Crimean orchids grow.

  • Laspi Mountain Pass
  • Laspi Mountain Pass is a mountain pass in the Crimean Mountains and the highest elevation point on highway Sevastopol-Yalta. The pass is located 765 yards to the north of Laspi Bay. A massive robust cliff named after locating engineer Nikolai Garin-Mikhailovsky is located on the pass where an observation platform is built, from where a wonderful sights of Batiliman and Laspi Bays and Cape Aya are unveiled.

  • Lisya Bay
  • Lisya (“Fox”) Bay is a bay of the Black Sea between mountain massifs of Kara-Dag and Cape Meganom. It is supposed that its name derived from a thornback ray (named in Russian literary as “sea fox”). But local old residents state that the bay was formerly named “Lysaya” (Russian word for “bald”) because the coastal terraces were completely woodless.

  • Maksimov’s Dacha
  • Maksimov’s Dacha is located in Khomutova Gully and represents an estate complex with a landscape park created in late 19th – early 20th cc. by architect Valentin Feldmann. This unique park-museum is a preserve – a complex natural, archeological, historical and landscape park landmark.

  • Mangup-Kale
  • Mangup-Kale is a medieval fortress city in Bakhchisaray district. Originally the capital of the Theodoro Principality (a Christian state), it later became a Turkish fortress. Mangup is located on top of a residual mountain, up to 984 ft. higher than the valleys around it. Its plateau has an area over 220 acres. There are numerous springs in the territory of the fortress.

  • Massif Boika
  • One of the natural fortresses is a mountain range Boiko, lying above the village Sokolinoe. You'll fall in love with Boiko for wildness of its woods with unimaginably bent trunks of beeches and hornbeams, for a charm of its meadows and attractive beauty of mountain tops, for shabby and its thrown tracks and roads.

  • Medved’ Gora
  • Medved’ Gora (Mount Bear) or Ayu-Dag is a peak on the Southern Coast of Crimea, which his located on the boundary between the Greater Alushta and the Greater Yalta. Elevation of the mount is 1893 ft. above the main sea level, the mount is somewhat elongated to the north-east – elongation is 1.5 miles. It goes out into the sea for 1.2-1.49 miles. In 1947 Auy-Dag was declared a natural landmark.

  • Mount Koshka
  • Mount Koshka is a rock in the Crimean Mountains not far from townlet of Simeiz. The name of the Mount is derived from the Crimean Tatar ‘Qoş Qaya’. Later this name was re-adjusted by the Russian population – the shape of the Mount resembles a seated cat. Elevation of Mount Koshka is 833 ft.

  • Mount Parus (Sail)
  • Before the ridge Liman-Burun the mount Sail stands out in the sea. It’s depicted on numerous photographs with its shape really reminding a sail filled with the wind.

  • Naval Port of Sevastopol
  • History of Sevastopol is a reflection of its port’s history. In 1802, Sevastopol was included into Taurida Governorate, and later was declared the main military Black Sea port of the Russian Empire. The city itself, initially designed as military settlement near naval fortress, developed and grew exclusively thanks to its port.

  • Nikitsky Botanical Garden
  • Nikitsky Botanical Garden is a complex scientific and research establishment. It is the most famous and popular park of the Crimean Southern Coast. The Garden combines nature, history, art, and science. Its collection possesses some 30 thousands plants from all over the world. The Garden is located at the Southern coast of Crimea between Nikita village and the Black Sea.

  • Park of Alupka
  • Park of Alupka (otherwise called Vorontsovsky Park) is a marvelous park which constitutes a single ensemble with the Vorontsov Palace. Park of Alupka is located in townlet of Alupka, which is a part of the Greater Yalta.

  • Sauter River Waterfalls
  • Sauter River Valley is a monument of nature and preservation tract on the eastern Southshore. Here, in the process of weathering and water erosion, formed the amazing stone mushrooms.

  • Shaitan-Merdven Pass
  • Shaitan-Merdven Pass offers a spectacular view of the coatline from Cape Sarych, the extreme southern point of the Crimea almost up to Cat Mount.

  • Taraktash Mountain Pathway
  • Taraktash mountain pathway was created by members of Yalta department of Crimean Mountain Club under initiative of doctor Vladimir Dmitirev. When you are walking along this pathway, as if along an old street of the 19th or early 20th century, your memory revives images of those citizens of Yalta who used to live here long time ago.

  • Tash-Air
  • The Tash-Air ravine is located in the vicinity of the town of Perevalnoye. There is an early man site in this ravine, dating back to the Early Bronze Age (3000-2000 BC). The grottoes still preserve some segments of the ancient rock paintings. There is also a spring in this ravine. It is called Tash-Air-Chokrak.

  • Tepe-Kermen
  • Tepe-Kermen is an archaeological monument of the 6th-14th centuries AD and one of the biggest cave settlements of Crimea. It is located south-west of Bakhchisaray. Tepe-Kermen is an isolated residual mountain with a flat top. The surface of the plateau totals 2,5 acres. Because of its regular truncated cone shape this mountain is put down in the Crimea book of records.

  • The Belbek Valley
  • The Belbek river is the most full-flowing river in Crimea. The Belbek river is born at the junction of the Ozenbash and Managotra rivers that steam down the north-west slopes of the Main ridge of the Crimean mountains.  At the intersection with the inner ridge of the Crimean mountains, close to the town of Maloye Sadovoye, the river is considerably narrowed, forming the so-called Belbek canyon.

  • The Lost World
  • The Lost World is the name of a beach not far from Balalklava and Foros, surrounded by impregnable cliffs. If you find yourself in this place, you will find out that there are places on Earth full of dangerous and breath-taking adventures.

  • The Monastery of St. Theodore Stratelates (The Chelter-Koba Monastery)
  • Chelter-Koba is one of the cave monasteries in the Bakhchisaray district of Crimea. It is located in the valley of Belbek river, about half a mile from the town of Bolshoye Sadovoye (Tash-Basty). In the Crimean Tatar language “Chelter-Koba” means “lattice cave”.

  • The Temple of the Donators
  • The Temple of Donators is one of the most interesting and hard to reach sights of the Crimea. It would not be easy to find it in the mountains of Eski-Kermen. It is a small cave church painted with frescoes. In the past centuries it used to be the place of refuge for the monks.
  • The Valley of Ghosts
  • The Valley of Ghosts is an area in Crimea, accumulation of quaintly shaped cliffs on western mountainside of Demerdzhi plateau. Such shapes of the cliffs were formed by erosion of the Upper Jurassic conglomerates of Southern Demerdzhi. The Valley of Ghosts is a popular tourist attraction which obtained its today’s name in late 19th century.

  • Tower Kiz-Kul
  • Tower Kiz-Kul is located next to the cave town Eski-Kerman and is also known by the romantic name "Maiden Tower". It leads to a steep slope, which is breathtaking. On the tower many legends are, but in fact it is only the balance of the castle Kiz-Kul, who was a defensive structure.

  • Uchan-Su Waterfall
  • Uchan-Su is the highest waterfall of Ukraine. It’s located on elevation of 1279 ft. above the main sea level on the southern mountainside of Ai-Petri and almost 4 miles to the north of Yalta. Height of the waterfall is 323 ft. Beside its name “Uchan-Su”, the waterfall has also other names – “Cresmasto Nero”, “Akyar-Su” or “Akyar-Suu”.

  • Visor Waterfall
  • Visor Waterfall can be referred to the so-called ephemeral waterfalls.
  • Yuauzlar Waterfalls
  • Numerous waterfalls, cascades and rapids are a unique decoration and a great attraction of Botkin’s pathway. Yuauzlar waterfalls are located on a left tributary of river Uchan-Su and represent a spectacular sight during high water.

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